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Reform areas

Initiative areas of focused investment where improvements trigger broader juvenile justice reforms.

  • Aftercare

    Post-release services, supervision and supports that help committed youth transition safely and successfully back into the community.

  • Community-based alternatives

    Local alternatives to formal processing and incarceration.

  • Dual status youth

    Coordinated, multi-system interventions to improve outcomes for youth in the juvenile justice and child welfare systems.

  • Evidence-based practices

    Programs and services of demonstrated effectiveness in improving behavior.

  • Juvenile indigent defense

    Meaningful access to legal counsel for all youth.

  • Mental health

    Collaborative approaches to meet the mental health needs of youth without unnecessary juvenile justice system involvement.

  • Racial-ethnic fairness/DMC

    Data-driven strategies to reduce racial and ethnic disparities and promote a more fair juvenile justice system.

  • Status offense reform

    Strategies to safely and effectively divert non-delinquent youth from the formal juvenile justice system.

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Models for Change is supported by the John D. and Catherine T. MacArthur Foundation, website operated by Justice Policy Institute.

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