Research on Pathways to Desistance: December 2012 Update
Published Nov 30, 2012, Carol Schubert
This brief reports on four key findings:
• The majority of young, serious offenders do not make a career of crime, and the original crime is not a good predictor of future patterns of offending;
• Substance abuse treatment plays an important role in desistance;
• Many juvenile offenders are placed in the most restrictive (and expensive) setting—institutional care—even though it has little effect on subsequent re-arrest;
• The threat of arrest is a deterrent for the most serious adolescent offenders.